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Ziram fungicides: Ziram. External links. Related terms: Parkinson's Disease; Enzyme; Fungicide; Food Additive; Pesticide; Thiram; Mancozeb; Maneb; Zineb Ziram can either be directly sprayed on to a plant’s leaf or it can be used as a soil and seed treatment. REI 12h, Groups 40 & 45. Ziram Granuflo™ FUNGICIDE . [6], Ziram only moderately persists in soils, as it has a field half-life of 30 days[3] How to prevent fungal diseases . Anthracnose; Scab; Bitter rot; Black spot; Downey mildew; Leaf blight; Peach leaf curl; Powdery mildew; Storage rot, Almonds; Pecans; Cherries; Apples; Pears; Plums; Peaches; Grapes; Tomatoes; Blueberries; Nectarines. 1) is an agricultural dithiocarbamate fungicide used on a wide variety of plant fungi and diseases. Fungicides are biocidal chemical compounds or biological organisms used to kill parasitic fungi or their spores. It was used to address scab on apples and pears, leaf curl in peaches, and anthracnose and blight in tomatoes. Recently, there have been increasing anxieties about the risks in the use of dithiocarbamate fungicides. [5], Compounds of the type Zn(S2CNR2)2 are dimeric, i.e. Ziram 5 MG Tablet is an Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. [1], Known as ziram in agriculture, it was introduced in the United States in 1960 as a broad-spectrum fungicide. Ziram also began to be used on residential ornaments as a bird and mammal repellent. INTRODUCTIONZiram (zinc(II) dimethyldithiocarbamate, [(CH 3 ) 2 NCS 2 ) 2 Zn]) ( Fig. ZIRAM 76DF is effective against many fungal diseases and is non phytotoxic to labeled crops. Call a physician or poison control center immediately. In 1981, additional uses for ziram were approved, including the prevention of leaf blight and scab on almonds, shot-hole in apricots, brown rot and leaf spot in cherries, and scab and anthracnose in pecans. Source; quality score; and other information, Solubility - In organic solvents at 20 °C (mg l⁻¹), Not expected to self ignite; Not highly flammable, Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20 °C, Henry's law constant at 25 °C (Pa m³ mol⁻¹), Neutral solution: 251nm = 39989, 270nm = 31586, EU 2018 dossier lab studies DT₅₀ range 0.5-5.2 days, DT₉₀ range 2.1-18.3 days, Soils=5; Other sources: DT₅₀ 30 days (DW4), Dissipation rate RL₅₀ on and in plant matrix, Aqueous hydrolysis DT₅₀ (days) at 20 °C and pH 7, pH sensitive: DT₅₀ 10.4 minutes at pH 4, 6.3 days at pH 9, all at 25 °C, SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l⁻¹) for a 1 kg ha⁻¹ or 1 l ha⁻¹ application rate, Potential for particle bound transport index, Mammals - Chronic 21d NOAEL (mg kg⁻¹ bw d⁻¹), Birds - Chronic 21d NOEL (mg kg⁻¹ bw d⁻¹), Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹), Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l⁻¹), Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹), Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹), Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l⁻¹), Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg⁻¹), Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC₅₀, biomass (mg l⁻¹), Algae - Acute 72 hour EC₅₀, growth (mg l⁻¹), Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l⁻¹), Contact acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹), Oral acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹), Unknown mode acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹), Acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg insect⁻¹), Earthworms - Chronic NOEC, reproduction (mg kg⁻¹), Total effect [Dose: 2.28 kg ha⁻¹ x 4apps Field test], Nitrogen mineralisation: NOEC 40 kg WG 76% /ha, Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class), Mammals - Dermal LD₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹ body weight), ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg⁻¹ bw day⁻¹), ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg⁻¹ bw day⁻¹), AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg⁻¹ bw day⁻¹), AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg⁻¹ bw day⁻¹), Acceptable risks for operators and other workers, IARC Group 3 carcinogen; USEPA - some evidence to suggest possible human carcinogen, Not explosive but may form explosive dust-air mixtures, Health: H302, H317, H318, H330, H335, H373, S1/2, S22, S26, S28, S36/37/39, S45, S60, S61. [2], Zinc bis(diethyldithiocarbamate) complexes degrade thermally to give zinc sulfide. Introduction: Ziram is an agricultural dithiocarbamate fungicide used on a wide variety of plant fungi and diseases. Ziram is also used as an accelerant in the rubber industry, as a biocide in water treatment, and as an ingredient in adhesives. Ziram Granuflo® Fungicide Ziram Granuflo controls black spot in apples, pears, grapes and roses, and septoria leaf spot on celery. Zampro 525SC (ametoctradin + dimethomorph):A fungicide for downy mildew and Phytophthora diseases of potatoes and bulb, brassica, cucurbit, fruiting, and leafy vegetables. Zinc dimethyldithiocarbamate is a coordination complex of zinc with dimethyldithiocarbamate. It is used to prevent crop damage in the field and is also applied prior to harvesting in order to prevent fruits … From: Encyclopedia of Toxicology (Second Edition), 2005. It is not generally persistent in soil or water systems. It is a carbamate that is applied directly on the leaves and flowers of plants, but can also be used as a soil and seed treatment. Ziram is moderately toxic to mammals and is also considered to be mutagenic and a recognised irritant. Ziram is used in the rubber processing industry as an accelerator or promoter ... . Oxygen or artificial respiration if needed. (T-4)-bis(dimethylcarbamodithioato-kS,kS')zinc, Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards, Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC), Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA), Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC), Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC), Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically. A pale yellow solid that is used as an agricultural dithiocarbamate fungicide used on a range... Repeat- edly in the United States in 1960 as a soil or seed treatment fight fungal in! 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